I. Identification. The patient’s identification with the helping person and the effect of that person’s interest in them is an important part of counseling. As a patient becomes involved in the counseling situation, the process begins to function when the patient realizes and accepts the interest of the counselor. This identification with the helping person causes the patient to try to please the counselor. One obvious way to do this is to follow the plans discussed in counseling and/or to “get well:”
2. Ventilation -catharsis. The ability to bring a problem to a conscious level, speak of it openly, and see people’s responses has a great deal to do with patient improvement in counseling. The patient can be relieved to find his problem is not unique. He can benefit by expressing pent up feelings and finding that they are not taboo or destructive. The patient can benefit front the release of the psychic tension required to suppress the emotional feelings attached to s problem.
3. Support. The obvious interest A the counselor provides u degree of emotional support for patients 11, 11 makes them able to attempt new efforts n1 resolving (pp, problems. 111, support of the counselor helps he patient L. try and III I guiding these trials he facilitates potential change. The acceptance, understanding, and continued support of the counselor helps the patients go back after a failure and try again.
4. Education. The process of counseling involves teaching. Maladaptive patterns of adjustment are frequently caused by a lack of opportunity to learn other patterns. The guidance and direction of the counselor help the patient to understand the situation in which he is having trouble. This education provides for alternate plans of action.
5. Insight. This is the most important factor in counseling. The special environment which should characterize the counseling session helps both doctor and patient gain information about problems, and results to insight into the problems. The counselor helps the patient produce, locus, and evaluates his feelings or thoughts, and by this reflection facilitates insight which can lead to more effective actions.
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