Tics may be defined as any irregular, repetitive, nonpurposeful, abrupt movement of part of the body. They may manifest themselves in a limitless variety of ways. The most commonly affected parts of the body are the face, neck, and shoulders. Eye blinking, tongue clicking grimacing, twisting of the mouth frowning, shaking the head, and jerking movements of the shoulders are examples of tics. They occur most frequently between the ages of 6 and 12 years. Boys are more commonly affected than girls.
Often associated with stimulation or coercion to achieve beyond the child’s abilities, tics are frequently a product of emotional tension. Such psychogenic habits should be differentiated from chorea, athetosis, and other organic states.
Minor tics are usually self-limiting and require no active intervention. I deed, parents should be advised against nagging, unfavorable comparison with siblings, and negative criticism. Severe tics are indicative of an underlying neurotic conflict which may be considerably more difficult to treat. Effort should be made to find the cause of the child’s inner stresses rather than to stop the tic directly. Development of the child’s confidence is often n important immediate factor in aiding the proble
Powered by Facebook Comments